This past Thursday, an explosive cyclogenesis, more commonly referred to as a “bomb cyclone,” took the power of over 600,000 homes and businesses in New York. The winds in West Island reached up to 84 mph, seconded only to Provincetown, in which received winds reaching up to 90 mph.
Due to this cyclone, the baseball playoff game between the Yankees and the Astros was canceled on Wednesday night, flights coming and going from the La Guardia Airport were delayed an average of an hour and 50 minutes, and those planning to ride Amtrak trains found their rides delayed in the Northeast corridor.
Though New York was hit hard, both Connecticut and New Hampshire had power outages–around 40,000 between them–and school was canceled in many cities throughout these two states, especially in coastal cities.
These bomb cyclones are created when the barometric pressure falls at least 24 millibars or 0.71 inches over 24 hours. In other words, when a lot of cold air meets a lot of warm air and the earth’s rotation is taken into account, the effect of a cyclone is created. The more the pressure drops, the stronger and more intense the storm gets.
The cyclone that hit New York as well, as the surrounding states, dropped from 1000 millibars down to 975.3 millibars. Such a steep pressure drop has been known to cause flare-ups in old injuries, as well as cause headaches.
But this cyclone did not just affect people on land–it also caused some ships to have to find shelter at nearby ports to wait out the storm. Two ships, the Seven Seas Navigator and Norwegian Dawn ported in Ipswich Bay. Meanwhile, cruise ships Mein Schiff 1 and AIDAdiva had to stop in Portland Harbor Wednesday to take shelter from the approaching storm. In addition, some boats were even torn free from their moorings because of the intense winds. Some ships were carried far away and local authorities had to hunt down their owners after they were found.
In Sandy Hook Bay and all the way to Little Egg Harbor found in New Jersey, boats were sinking due to the winds and intense rain. All though many coastal places such as Little Egg Harbor, Belmar, and Waretown, keep oil and gasoline from these sinking boats from polluting the ocean, officials had to use socks to absorb the liquids.
In Maine, close to 200,000 were left without power, where winds reached up to 60 miles per hour. Roofs were torn away, and any decorations left outside for the upcoming holiday were set free. Along with high winds, there was also an excessive amount of rain that has led to coastal flooding in low-lying areas.
Coastal cities and states were hit hard because of the bomb cyclone, but local officials are doing everything they can to keep the damage minimal and to get the power back up so the half a million people left without electricity can go on with their lives.